What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)? What are the Symptoms and Causes of it?

Multiple Sclerosis

Are you confused about whether you have multiple sclerosis or not? And in search of some accurate information regarding the symptoms and causes? If yes, then you have landed at the right place.

What is Multiple Sclerosis MS? Overview

MS or Multiple Sclerosis is a spinal cord and brain disease that is potentially disabling. In this disease, your body’s immune system will attack myelin that is responsible for covering your nerve fibers. So, it results in causing communication complications between your body and brain.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

The symptoms and signs of Multiple Sclerosis MS can vary from person to person, owing to where affected nerve fibers are located. So, here we are going to discuss the main symptoms of MS.

Numbness or Weakness

Weakness or Numbness in either one or multiple limbs. Mostly it affects your trunk, legs or one side of the body.

Electric-shock sensations and tremor

Electric-shock sensations usually happen with some specific neck movements that particularly stoop the neck forward. In addition to this, you may have to suffer from tremors.

Visual Problems

Multiple Sclerosis MS can become the reason for some visual problems. If you are going through MS, you may have to suffer from complete or partial vision loss. Most of the time, it commonly affects your one eye only. Additionally, you may feel pain during the movement of your eyes. Apart from this, victims may have to go through a prolonged blurry or double vision in some cases.

Some Other Symptoms

Some people have to suffer from slurred speech, dizziness, and fatigue. In addition to this, you may have to go through pain or tingling sensation in different parts of your body. Another symptom of Multiple Sclerosis MS is the complications with bladder, bowel and sexual function.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

The main cause of Multiple Sclerosis has not been discovered till now. But it is named an autoimmune disease. In this condition, your body’s immune system will attack its own tissues. In this disease, the immune system will start to harm the fatty layer responsible for protecting and coating the nerve fibers present in your spinal cord or brain.

Myelin is like the insulation coating wire that is present on electric wires. So, when this myelin layer is destroyed, and the nerve fibers will get exposure and the messages that move along that particular nerve fiber will either be blocked or slowed.

However, it is not obvious yet what is the main reason behind the development of this condition, but some environmental and genetic factors are considered the main reason for it.

Risk Factors

Multiple risk factors can enhance your chances of getting Multiple Sclerosis. Hence, we are going to enlist all the possible risk factors:

  • Age
  • Family History
  • Certain Infections
  • Race
  • Climate
  • Vitamin D
  • Certain autoimmune disease
  • Smoking

Final Thoughts

To sum up the article, we would like to say that if you are going through MS, then it may affect your life greatly and disturb you all the time. Therefore, it is quite necessary to notice your symptoms and go to your doctor for a check-up.

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